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By Donneley McCann


  1. Jose Mariano ABASOLO (Ab-a -sew – low)


(1783 – 1816)


Born to a rich family he participated, mainly financially, to the independent

military of a conspiracy to overthrow the colonial government. In 1811 he and other insurgent leaders were arrested and sentenced to be executed for treason. He was spared because of his influential wife and was sent instead to the castle prison of Cadiz, Spain for 10 years where he died in 1816 of tuberculosis.


  1. Ignacio Jose ALLENDE (Ig-na- see-oh- hoe- say- a -yen -day)


(1769 – 1811)


A national hero of Mexico, Allende was one of the leading protagonists of

the first phase of the insurrection that would lead to Mexico’s independence. When captured ,he was shot for treason and beheaded, his head hung publicly as a deterrent to others.


  1. 5 de MAYO (Sinko-day-ma-yo)


This is the day in 1861 (Battle of Puebla) when a poorly equipped Mexican

army of about 2,000 crushed a well-armed 6,000 strong French army sent to Mexico to demand reimbursement of funds after the Mexican President Benito Juarez had issued a moratorium that all foreign debt repayment be suspended for 2 years. A year later France sent 30,000 troops and captured Mexico City installing Emperor Maxmillian as ruler. For a variety of reasons Napoleon III decided to begin retreating in 1866 and Mexico City was recaptured Juarez reinstalling his government in 1867.


  1. Nicolas BRAVO (Knee-co-laws-bra-voe)


(1786 – 1854)


A politician and military man who served as President 3 times although 2 of

these were very brief. He and his wife died at the same time which was rumoured to be as a result of poisoning.


  1. Alvaro OBREGON   (All-var-o-oh-bray-gone)




Mexico’s 39th President and a general in the Mexican revolution. In his early

years was, among other things, a door-to-door shoe salesman. While a chickpea farmer he invented a chickpea harvester. Involved in many notable military squirmishes he lost his left arm in battle. In 1915 appointed Minister of War he modernized the Mexican military, founded the Department of Aviation and a school to train pilots. As President he created a Department of Labor and new labor laws with the right to strike. Obregon was reelected in 1928 but was assassinated before taking office.


  1. REVOLUCION de 1910   (Ray-voe-lou-see-on-de-mill…)


(1910 – 1920)


An armed struggle that changed Mexican politics and society. The Mexican

Constitution was the eventual result as well as the PRI in 1929.


  1. 5 of Febrero (Sinko-day-fabe-ray-row)




The day the constitution was approved by congress. President Venustiano Carranza proclaimed this constitution, which promised restoration of land to native peoples, separation of church and state, economic and education reforms among many others. It would be decades for this to become reality.


  1. Aquiles SERDAN (Ah-key-lays-sare-dawn)


(1896 – 1910)


A politician and Mexican revolution organizer. The first martyr of the revolution. Having stockpiled weapons in his home ready to begin the revolution Serdan was greatly outnumbered when, after a standoff with nearly one thousand soldiers, he was mortally wounded.


  1. ISABEL LA CATOLICA (Esaw-bell-law-cat-oh-leaka)


(1451 – 1504)


A tribute to this Spanish nobility for funding what was necessary when Columbus discovered America.


  1. Guillermo PRIETO   (Gwee-yare-mow-pre-ate-oh)




Once a Minister of Finance he was a writer, journalist and politician.

In 1890 named “The Poet of the Fatherland” and is considered to have promoted the creation of a literary identity of Mexico.

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